Unfortunately, Kay did not reap the benefits of his invention and died in utter obscurity. Edmund Cartwright and the Power Loom He eventually moved to France where he is thought to have died a poor man. He was forced to take the groups to court for patent infringement in a series of lawsuits. He also made several improvements on the spitting technology related to weaving, making the efficiency of these devices greater. Hargreaves designed the Spinning Jenny.
The wheeled shuttle revolutionised weaving within the country, immensely accelerating the process through the innovative ideas that he created. Lancashire mill owners imported East India yarns to improve the quality of textiles. John Kay was indeed a man ahead of his time. In France, he encountered none of the persecution or animosity from citizens, and the flying shuttle was a huge success, enabling France to become one of the leaders in textile production throughout the world. His mother educated him as he was growing up until she married another man when he was 14, at which point he became an apprentice with a hand loom reed maker. Richard Arkwright and the Water Frame In 1753, an angry mob of weavers, afraid of the competition, wrecked Kay's house and destroyed his looms. A weaver using Kay's flying shuttle could produce much wider cloth at faster speeds than before. Nearly bankrupt and finding that the harassment of him and his family was becoming too much to bear, Kay left Leeds in return to his home in Bury, Lancashire. From there he was utterly unable to enforce his patent protections and was forced to lean upon the support of the French government to keep him, and his family sustained. Unemployment within the region surrounding his home increased significantly, and both the flying shuttle and its inventor became hugely unpopular.