He was the Pope from 896 AD to 897 AD. Giovanni Battista's early years were spent at the Neapolitan court. The executions of persons thought to be practicing witchcraft were increasing throughout western Europe. The 16-year-old John XII (955-64) was accused of sleeping with his two sisters and inventing a catalog of disgusting new sins. He is also the author of Pagan Holiday: On the Trail of Ancient Roman Tourists and The Naked Olympics: The True Story of the Ancient Games. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Douglas J. Potter.

Witchcraft in Europe, 400–1700: A Documentary History. In 1487, Innocent confirmed Tomas de Torquemada as Grand Inquisitor of Spain. He was “a wretch who feasted on immorality,” wrote Saint Peter Damian,  “a demon from hell in the disguise of a priest.”. [24] In 1487 he married his elder son Franceschetto Cybo (d. 1519) to Maddalena de' Medici (1473–1528), the daughter of Lorenzo de' Medici, who in return obtained the cardinal's hat for his thirteen-year-old son Giovanni, later Pope Leo X.

Innocent VIII was anything but. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. [6], The papal conclave of 1484 was rife with factions, while gangs rioted in the streets. However, the sultan paid the Knights a large amount to keep Cem captive.

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7. He was the "most powerful of all the Popes." [23], Innocent had two illegitimate children born before he entered the clergy[6] "towards whom his nepotism had been as lavish as it was shameless". A congress of Christian princes met in 1490 at Rome, but led to no result. Transcription. New York: Robert Appleton Company. When Innocent VIII died in 1492, so did the despised Cybo’s protection. BURCHARD, Diarium, ed. Omissions? In fact, so many Vicars of Christ have been denounced as the “Worst Pope Ever” that we have to settle for a Top Ten list. The expression, “gave the sanction of the Church,” is, therefore, inexact, and, being inexact, is unscientific; it needs much qualification.

and JavaScript. He was acquitted after quoting from Christ in his defense: “Let you who are without sin cast the first stone.” In the centuries to follow, political skullduggery and a corrupt election process thrust one improbable candidate after another into the position as god-fearing believers looked on in impotent horror.

In Rome he became a priest in the retinue of cardinal Calandrini, half-brother to Pope Nicholas V (1447–55). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).

[16], King Ferdinand of Aragon gave Innocent 100 Moorish slaves, who were shared out with favoured Cardinals. Nihil Obstat. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Bon vivant Clement VI (1342-52) was called “an ecclesiastical Dionysus” by the poet Petrarch for the number of mistresses and the severity of his gonorrhea. I must say, that Stephen VI was a sick & twisted motherfucker! Decamping back to Rome, the papacy hit its true low point in the Renaissance. In 1467, he was made Bishop of Savona by Pope Paul II, but exchanged this see in 1472 for that of Molfetta in south-eastern Italy. He also urged a crusade against the Waldensians, offering plenary indulgence to all who should engage in it.

Yale University Press.

He collected a Church tax on prostitutes and charged priests for keeping mistresses, but critics argued that this merely increased the prevalence of clerical homosexuality. In Rome he became a priest in the retinue of cardinal Calandnini, half-brother to Pope Nicholas V (1447–55). His successor would later turn the building into the Cortile del Belvedere. Learn more about PHC >>, On the nature of cultural inheritance and exchange, Questioning the great awakening of far right pundits, Small hopes, ridicules, and excuses of those going door to door, In the Name of God and Tithe – Okahsplace. On his death bed, he ordered a comely wet nurse to supply him with milk fresh from the breast. TOMMASINI in Fonti per la Storia d'Italia, V (Rome, 1890); CIACONIUS-OLDOINUS, Vitæ et Res gestæ Pontif. Son of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the Neapolitan court. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. During what is known as the Little Ice Age, the grip of freezing weather, failing of crops, rising crime, and mass starvation resulted in an increasing fear of witches. The immediate effects of the Bull have been greatly exaggerated. "Witchcraft in Spain: The Testimony of Martín de Castañega's Treatise on Superstition and Witchcraft (1529)". In 1487, Innocent confirmed Tomas de Torquemada as Grand Inquisitor of Spain. Contact information. Son of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the Neapolitan court. Innocent VIII, original name Giovanni Battista Cibo, (born 1432, Genoa—died July 25/26, 1492, Rome), pope from 1484 to 1492.. Named bishop of Savona, Italy, in 1467 by Pope Paul II, he was made cardinal in 1473 by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded.His election was manipulated by Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere (later Pope Julius II), whose tool Innocent remained. On his death bed, he ordered a comely wet nurse to supply him with milk fresh from the breast. He brought the Church into supreme control of the State. Sergius III (904-11), known by his cardinals as “the slave of every vice,” came to power after murdering his predecessor. .hide-if-no-js {

The amount of his own zeal may in some degree be estimated from the fact that in 1489, in consideration of a yearly stipend of 40,000 ducats and a gift of the Holy Lance, he consented to favor Bayazid II by detaining the Sultan’s fugitive brother Cem in close confinement in the Vatican. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. Minnich states that those who allowed the slave trade did so in the hope of gaining converts to Christianity. (Church historian Eamon Duffy compares Rome to Nixon’s Washington, “a city of expense-account whores and political graft.”) Sixtus IV (1471-84), who funded the Sistine Chapel, had six illegitimate sons — one with his sister. https://doi.org/10.1038/101164c0. Golden Age of Bastards INNOCENT VIII (1484-1492) was the 211th pope. 2. His election was manipulated by Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere (later Pope Julius II), whose tool Innocent remained. Its primary object was to safeguard the personal interests of the electors. The circumstances appeared particularly favourable, as Prince Djem, the Sultan's brother and pretender to the Turkish throne, was held prisoner at Rome and promised co-operation in war and withdrawal of the Turks from Europe in case of success. By July 1492, Innocent had become very skinny. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. He claimed to be "Vicar of Christ," "Vicar of God," and "Supreme Sovereign over the Church and the World." • 11 May 2010. Archived . Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Fellow priests put one of the first popes, Sixtus III (432-40), on trial for seducing a nun. He was made Bishop of Savona in 1467, but exchanged this see in 1472 for that of Molfetta in south-eastern Italy and was raised to the cardinalate the following year. 25.

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Lindeboom, The Story of blood transfusion to a pope.

Kors, Alan Charles; Peters, Edward (2000). The influence of his friends procured for him, from Pope Paul II (1464–71), the bishopric of Savona, and in 1473, with the support of Giuliano Della Rovere, later Pope Julius II, he was made cardinal by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded on 29 August 1484 as Pope Innocent VIII.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. Psychopathic and Narcissistic hegemony wherever there is centralised power and wealth. He then developed a fever. What happened between then and his death on the 25th of that July is unknown, although Anti Semites falsely accused his physician Giacomo di San Genesio of having performed a pseudo blood transfusion that contributed to his death [20] [21][22]. In 1473, with the support of Giuliano Della Rovere, later Pope Julius II, he was made cardinal by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded on 29 August 1484 as Pope Innocent VIII. Two years later, he returned with a new title—Duke of Spoleto—from the newly elected Pope Julius II. Internet Explorer).

He was also the first pope to contract “the French disease,” syphilis, from Rome’s male prostitutes. Innocent VIII had lots of illegitimate children. Among these forgeries must be relegated the alleged permission granted the Norwegians to celebrate Mass without wine. Bayezid II ruled as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1481 to 1512. Julius II (1503-13) is remembered for commissioning Michelangelo to paint the Sistene Chapel’s ceiling. Both the papal letter appended to the work and the supposed endorsement of Cologne University for it are problematic. The Columbus Conspiracy: Columbus as the bastard son of Pope Innocent VIII and an agent in the war for the New World. The Columbus Conspiracy: Columbus as the bastard son of Pope Innocent VIII and an agent in the war for the New World. His success in the conclave, as well as his promotion to the cardinalate, was largely due to Giuliano della Rovere.

He had a son with his teenage mistress — the prostitute Marozia, 30 years his junior — and their illegitimate son grew up to become the next pope. Viewing his brother as a rival, the Sultan paid the pope not to set him free. Nature 101, 164 (1918). Pope Innocent VIII ( ; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was the head of the Catholic Church from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492.. Career. Sixtus III’s wiki page doesn’t mention his nun seduction, because he was acquitted? 7. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. — Prayer of the young Saint Augustine, c.380 A.D. ISSN 1476-4687 (online). The fact is that he died seven days before the departure of Christopher Columbus for his supposedly first voyage over the Atlantic, raising speculations that Columbus actually traveled before the known date and re-discovered the Americas for the Europeans before the supposed date of 12 October 1492. On his death bed, he ordered a comely wet nurse to supply him with milk fresh from the breast. The pope named two saints during his pontificate: Catherine of Vadstena (1484) and Leopold III (1485).

Weber, Nicholas.

Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo) was born in Genoa of Greek ancestry,[1][2][3][4] the son of Arano Cybo or Cibo (c. 1375–c. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. In March 1489, Cem, the captive brother of Bayezid II, the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, came into Innocent's custody. Alexander and his family gleefully threw chestnuts on the floor, forcing the women to grovel around their feet like swine; they then offered prizes of fine clothes and jewelry for the man who could fornicate with the most women. IN the issue of NATURE for April 11, p. 113, is an erratum which corrects a statement made in NATURE for April 4, p. 82, regarding Pope Innocent VII. In exchange for maintaining the custody of Cem, Bayezid paid Innocent VIII 120,000 crowns, a relic of the Holy Lance and an annual fee of 45,000 ducats. The following year, Pope Innocent supported the barons in their failed revolt. It is unbelievable what the Catholic Church (the Pope) has done in the name of Christ. Nothing changes. He issued an appeal for a crusade against the Waldenses, actively opposed the Hussite heresy in Bohemia, and forbade (Dec., 1486) under penalty of excommunication the reading of the nine hundred theses which Pico della Mirandola had publicly posted in Rome. It is stated that Pope Innocent VIII.



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