By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [14], In 1608 during O'Doherty's Rebellion areas of the country were plundered and burnt by the forces of Sir Cahir O'Doherty following his destruction of Derry. E oghan as a boys' name is pronounced YEW-en, YO-wen.It is of Gaelic origin, and the meaning of Eoghan is "born of yew".Derived from iúr meaning "yew tree". Éogan or Eógan is an early Irish male name, which also has the hypocoristic and diminutive forms Eoganán, Eóghainin, Eóghain and Eóghainn. [16] It is the second largest of Ulster's nine traditional counties by area and fourth largest by population. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Eoghan. Showing recent paintings by Eoghan O Suilleabhain. Dungannon railway hopes revived", "Tyrone Kane given first Ireland call-up for World T20 qualifiers", Ireland's Bready Cricket Club Gets ICC's Recognition, "ICC announces schedule of ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier 2015", Tyrone on the interactive map of the counties of Great Britain and Ireland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=County_Tyrone&oldid=985645231, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2010, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. However, O'Doherty's men avoided the estates of the recently fled Earl of Tyrone around Dungannon, fearing Tyrone's anger if he returned from his exile.[15]. It is no longer used as an administrative division for local government but retains a strong identity in popular culture. ), Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 92, ISBN 0-19-282745-6, This article is about the county in Ireland.
County Tyrone (/ t ɪ ˈ r oʊ n /; from Irish: Tír Eoghain, meaning "land of Eoghan") is one of the nine counties of Ulster, one of the six counties of Northern Ireland and one of the thirty-two counties on the island of Ireland. The Neolithic burial chamber uncovered during the restoration work in 1870’s dates from 200BC. [2], Eoghan has also been translated into English as Well Born, in an example c. 1923, due to this Latin derivation; but with the note that in common usage it is usually anglicised to "Eugene". (population of 18,000 or more and under 75,000 at 2001 Census)[19], (population of 10,000 or more and under 18,000 at 2001 Census)[19], (population of 4,500 or more and under 10,000 at 2001 Census)[19], (population of 2,250 or more and under 4,500 at 2001 Census)[19], (population of 1,000 or more and under 2,250 at 2001 Census)[19], (population of less than 1,000 at 2001 Census)[19], There is the possibility of the line being reopened to Dungannon railway station from Portadown. [1], Eòghann and Eòghan at List of Scottish Gaelic given names, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eógan&oldid=914372383, Articles containing Old Irish (to 900)-language text, Articles containing Old Welsh-language text, Articles containing Middle Welsh-language text, Articles containing ut-Ma'in-language text, Articles containing Primitive Irish-language text, Articles containing Scottish Gaelic-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 September 2019, at 01:35. The flat peatlands of East Tyrone border the shoreline of the largest lake in the British Isles, Lough Neagh, rising gradually across to the more mountainous terrain in the west of the county, the area surrounding the Sperrin Mountains, the highest point being Sawel Mountain at a height of 678 m (2,224 ft). Eoghan is a derivative of the English and French name Eugene. Art Cosgrove (2008); "A New History of Ireland, Volume II: Medieval Ireland 1169-1534". County Tyrone (/tɪˈroʊn/;[5] from Irish: Tír Eoghain, meaning "land of Eoghan") is one of the nine counties of Ulster, one of the six counties of Northern Ireland and one of the thirty-two counties on the island of Ireland. The name in both Goidelic languages is generally considered cognate with, and derived from, the Greek and Latin name Eugenes, meaning "noble born". Association football also has a large following in Tyrone. MEANING: Comes from an old Irish word and means “”born of the yew tree.”” In Northern Ireland the name Eoghan is found in Tir Eoghan, County Tyrone or “”The Land of Eoghan”” and is often accompanied by Roe in memory of the Irish patriot Eoghan Roe (“”Red Eoghan””) O””Neill who won a great battle over the British at Benburb in 1646.

Tyrone was the traditional stronghold of the various O'Neill clans and families, the strongest of the Gaelic Irish families in Ulster, surviving into the seventeenth century. Based in Sligo, Ireland and The Czech Republic. For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy, 14 March 1865.
Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Sidney Elisabeth Croskery: Whilst I Remember (1983), Abbeys and priories in Northern Ireland (County Tyrone), "North-South Ministerial Council: 2010 Annual Report in Ulster Scots", "North-South Ministerial Council: 2006 Annual Report in Ulster Scots", "Dungannon and South Tyrone Borough Council", "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850", The role of Joseph McGarrity in the struggle for Irish independence, "Local Government Act (Northern Ireland) 1972", "Statistical classification of settlements", "All aboard! The name Tyrone is derived from Irish Tír Eoghain 'land of Eoghan', the name given to the conquests made by the Cenél nEógain from the provinces of Airgíalla and Ulaid. When the sons of Niall of the Nine Hostages moved North in 395AD to conquer new lands Prince Eoghan (Owen) is said to have made the existing site of Grianán his power base, giving his name to Inishowen (Island of Eoghan) and Tyrone (land of Eoghan). [17], The county was administered by Tyrone County Council from 1899 until the abolition of county councils in Northern Ireland in 1973.[18]. Adjoined to the south-west shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of 3,263 km2 (1,260 sq mi)[6] and has a population of about 177,986; its county town is Omagh. [citation needed], Pointon, GE (1990), BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names (2nd ed. With an area of 3,155 square kilometres (1,218 sq mi), Tyrone is the largest county in Northern Ireland. This page was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 02:58. The most likely and widely accepted origin of the Old Welsh Owain is, like the Old Irish Eogan) also from Latin Eugenius. The majority of County Londonderry was carved out of Tyrone between 1610–1620 when that land went to the Guilds of London to set up profit making schemes based on natural resources located there. The Corpus Inscriptionum Insularum Celticarum derives Eógan from the Primitive Irish *Iwagenas, while others such as Tomás Ua Concheanainn (Mion-chomhradh, in 1903) have stated that Eóghan equates to Owain and Eugene; Dr Rachel Bromwichhas commented that Eoghan is a derivation of the Latin Eugenius, making these names long-attested in Gaelic areas, yet still based on loan-words. Across Lough Neagh to the east, it borders County Antrim. Other articles where Eoghan is discussed: Donegal: Conall, with his brother Eoghan, conquered northwestern Ulster in approximately 400 ce and founded the kingdom of Ailech; its capital was at the concentric stone fortress known as the Grianan of Ailech on a hill west of Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It is not to be confused with topics listed at, Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom. [7] Historically, it was anglicised as Tirowen or Tyrowen, which are closer to the Irish pronunciation.

[1][2][3], The Corpus Inscriptionum Insularum Celticarum derives Eógan from the Primitive Irish *Iwagenas,[4] while others such as Tomás Ua Concheanainn (Mion-chomhradh, in 1903) have stated that Eóghan equates to Owain and Eugene;[1] Dr Rachel Bromwich has commented that Eoghan is a derivation of the Latin Eugenius,[3] making these names long-attested in Gaelic areas, yet still based on loan-words. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Eoghan took Tyrone and Inishowen for his share, and… Rugby union is very popular in the county. It is the eighth largest of Ireland's thirty-two counties by area and tenth largest by population. All of the above are often anglicised as Ewen or, less often, Owen. [citation needed] In 1900 County Tyrone had a population of 197,719,[14] while in 2011 it was 177,986. Oxford University Press.

It is one of four counties in Northern Ireland which currently has a majority of the population from a Catholic community background, according to the 2011 census. Morgan notes that there are less likely alternative explanations and agrees with Dr Rachel Bromwich that Welsh Owein “is normal… [20], The major sports in Tyrone are Gaelic games, association football, rugby union and cricket. The length of the county, from the mouth of the River Blackwater at Lough Neagh to the western point near Carrickaduff hill is 55 miles (89 km). Eoghan took Tyrone and Inishowen for his share, and…. [2] Morgan notes that there are less likely alternative explanations and agrees with Dr Rachel Bromwich that Welsh Owein “is normally latinized as Eugenius," and "both the Welsh and Irish forms are Latin derivatives". Historically Tyrone stretched as far north as Lough Foyle, and comprised part of modern-day County Londonderry east of the River Foyle. The county derives its name and general geographic location from Tír Eoghain, a Gaelic kingdom under the O'Neill dynasty which existed until the 17th century.

The English and Scottish Euan , the Scottish Euen , the Scottish Evan , the English and Scottish Ewan , the English and Scottish Ewen , the English Ewing , the English, Gaelic, and Welsh Owain , and the English, Irish, and Welsh Owen are derivatives of the name. The breadth, from the southern corner, southeast of Fivemiletown, to the northeastern corner near Meenard Mountain is 37.5 miles (60.4 km); giving an area of 1,260 square miles (in 1900). EoghanArt.com The ancient principality of Tír Eoghain, the inheritance of the O'Neills, included the whole of the present counties of Tyrone and Londonderry, and the four baronies of West Inishowen, East Inishowen, Raphoe North and Raphoe South in County Donegal. Conall, with his brother Eoghan, conquered northwestern Ulster in approximately 400 ce and founded the kingdom of Ailech; its capital was at the concentric stone fortress known as the Grianan of Ailech on a hill west of Londonderry, Northern Ireland.


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