All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Not all infants with RDS have signs of respiratory distress; extremely low birth weight newborns (i.e., < 1000 g) may be unable to initiate respirations at birth because their lungs are so stiff; they may fail to initiate breathing in the delivery room. RSD is among the 100 types of arthritis and rheumatic diseases. See additional information.
Breathing efforts therefore result in deep sternal (breastbone) retractions but poor air entry if the ribs are compliant compared with the lungs. Symptoms include shortness of breath, rapid breathing, and bluish skin coloration. Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Breathing efforts therefore result in deep sternal (breastbone) retractions but poor air entry if the ribs are compliant compared with the lungs.
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Respiratory Distress Syndrome Definition Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn, also known as infant RDS, is an acute lung disease present at birth, which usually affects premature babies. The preterm newborn is further handicapped because his or her ribs are more easily deformed (compliant). The more premature the baby is, the greater is the chance of developing RDS. The media attention is given to Abdul's medical struggle temporarily placed RSD on front pages and magazine covers. Most cases of RDS occur in babies born before 37 to 39 weeks. Not all infants with RDS have signs of respiratory distress; extremely low birth weight newborns (i.e., < 1000 g) may be unable to initiate respirations at birth because their lungs are so stiff; they may fail to initiate breathing in the delivery room. Recovery is hastened by treatment with pulmonary surfactant. Medical RDS abbreviation meaning defined here. A condition in which patients with lung disease are not able to get enough oxygen. RDS is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms The Free Dictionary Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020.
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Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. However, if the newborn's ventilation is adequately supported, surfactant production will begin and RDS will resolve by 4 or 5 days.
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acute respiratory distress syndrome (adult respiratory distress syndrome) a group of symptoms accompanying fulminant pulmonary edema and resulting in acute respiratory failure; see also acute respiratory distress syndrome.